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If you have questions about your job search, turn to our career experts and get the edge you need. Members of PRSA’s College of Fellows are ready and willing to help you with two programs:

Ask the Experts: Answers to quick questions about your job search. Examples include:

  • How should I respond to these types of interview questions: "Tell me about yourself” or "What are your salary requirements?”
  • How can I develop a network? Where do I start?
  • What am I doing wrong? I send out resumes but never get interviews.
  • How long should I wait after an interview to hear from an employer?

To ask a question, scroll down to the question form and fill it out. When you’re ready to submit it, click the "Submit Question" button at the bottom. Many of your questions may already be answered in the more than 300 responses listed below so you may wish to review them first.

Mentor-Match: In-depth coaching. Examples include:

  • Resume review
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  • Individual career assessment and coaching
  • Tips for dealing with current job situations

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There are currently 691 questions posted.

You are currently viewing questions 16 thru 20.

  posted: July 6,2016 04:13 PM -- submitted by: Giselle
Q16: How can I get started in the PR field as a recent college graduate (communication and sociology degree) who has had mainly journalism, legal, and administrative experience? And do advertising and PR follow this same path, or do the two fields work closely together? Also, if it makes a difference, I currently live and work in NYC.

A16: Giselle—
You have a good start, with your experience in journalism and your degree in communication and sociology. And you are in the USA’s largest market for journalism and public relations.

The “common denominator” for journalism, PR and advertising is WRITING. It’s the basis for all three fields. Journalism and public relations writing are quite similar; advertising writing is very different. Marketing combines the three and relies heavily on research-based decision making.

A difficulty you face is that graduates who have specialized in public relations have been taught skills that you will need. And most of them have experience in PR writing labs and in “real life” internships, working under the direction of professionals. That experience makes them highly desirable to employers.

To “catch up,” you would do well to check out the Accreditation in Public Relations (APR) process at You might find that process helpful, whether or not you continue through the Accreditation process. You could use “2016 Competencies/KSAs Tested in Examination” to evaluate your own KSAs (Knowledge, Skills and Abilities). If you find deficiencies, go to and select a book or books that you believe will be helpful.

expert response from: Jim Haynes, APR, Fellow PRSA

  posted: May 31,2016 09:30 AM -- submitted by: Preston
Q17: What's most effective way to market experience over education?

Specifically, I'm a Air Force veteran with three years' experience and an AS while still in school for my BS. I rarely make it through an ATS to human hands. When I receive callbacks, they're for unpaid or minimum wage positions. Obviously, I'm doing something wrong.

What steps should I be taking to be competitive for a position and make a living until my BS graduation?

A17: Preston,
Thank you for serving our country. PRSA has put together a toolkit to help with the transition -- here's the URL

In addition, you might want to connect with a mentor through the PRSA mentor program, which is a member benefit. Ask for someone with a military background. If you are a student, we also have a PRSSA program. Check the PRSA website if your campus doesn't have a chapter.

Beyond those resources, networking with existing public relations professionals is a good place to begin learning more about PR in your community. Attend chapter meetings, meet people and exchange business cards. If you don't have cards, you can get them printed reasonably on line or at a local business products store. Follow up with a phone call or email to the people you've met and ask for an informational interview. Go prepared with your resume and questions.

Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA
expert response from: Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA

  posted: May 23,2016 09:33 AM -- submitted by: Sha
Q18: Sir,I completed 12 now&I want to be a scientist in physics,so I want to join iiser .But I have only 85% marks,
is it enough?
Sir,if I join any institute for Bsc physics,will I can join iiser at the 1'st year of Bsc physics?
Sir,also suggest me the other ways to be a scientist.

A18: Our website is for individuals in the public relations and communications field. We are not experts in science or related studies.

Perhaps you could connect with your local government agency dealing with education and science preparation.

Good luck.

Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA
expert response from: Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA

  posted: May 10,2016 08:23 AM -- submitted by: M. Karen Walker
Q19: I am transitioning from government/public service and academe into the corporate sector, moving to Lynchburg, Va (Blue Ridge Chapter). I am seeking samples and advice on how to telescope my 7 page, KSA-oriented cv into a traditional two-page resume. I am especially interested in pros and cons of a functional vs chronological resume, whether to provide a career objective, whether to include publications, and primers on using Skype. I have 20+ years' experience plus a PhD in Rhetoric.

A19: Karen,
You are asking the right questions about your transition. It sounds as if you're a PRSA member. Mentor Match is a PRSA member benefit (link below).

This will give you one-on-one advice about your resume and how to talk about your experience. How to position your background to appeal to potential corporate or agency managers.

Good luck,
Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA
expert response from: Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA

  posted: May 6,2016 12:57 PM -- submitted by: Susan
Q20: I need to change jobs due to dramatic financial changes. Career wise, I've been accepted into an online MPH program & I am very excited. Things where I'm at currently have run their course. My challenge & question: how do I exit? I'm in the midst of an enormous fundraising campaign, receipt of a fed grant north of $1mill, reno of high profile building for youth. Elected officials, business owners, news- it's everywhere & complicated. I work where I live. I'm stressed. Please advise.

A20: Susan,
You need to plan your exit strategy to achieve your goals and your organization's goals -- be clear on what those goals are for both of you. Go to your manager or the group's executive director with a plan. Talk him or her through the plan in detail.

Figure out the date you need to leave and plan backwards. Are there agencies or independent professionals in your community who can execute on the work plan you appear to have in place -- someone who can do media relations as well as fundraising and communications? Connect with a couple of them to find out capability, availability, cost, etc. You might be able to work 20 hours a week initially to supervise the contract person and to do some of the hands-on work. You can then work down your hours until you are completely out -- have the timeline clearly defined in your overall plan.

This has the benefit of giving your executives the help they need while allowing you to exit gracefully and for the organization to meet its business goals. You won't be presenting them with a problem. You'll be giving them (and yourself) a solution.

Good luck as your move forward.
Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA
expert response from: Margaret Ann Hennen, APR, Fellow PRSA

  posted: April 29,2016 03:47 PM -- submitted by: Hope Kim
Q21: Please give me some advice on finding a job in the US. I have 1.5 years of experience from globally well-known PR agency in Korea, and recently moved to the US for personal reason. I've submitted numerous resumes for entry level and 1 year experience positions for agencies in the US, yet I haven't received any responses for an interview. I also have a B.A. in communications from a college in the States. *Note: I do not need a visa support.

A21: You need to KNOW each person to whom you submit a resume. Join the Public Relations Society of America ( and attend the meetings of your nearest chapter. Go early so you can meet professionals, and exchange cards with those you meet. Volunteer to help with the chapter’s activities (Usually a chapter has a volunteer coordinator.)

After you have met a person, follow up by email and ask for a 20-minute “informational” meeting to gain information about the local area and possible job opportunities. Ask the person for recommendations on people you can contact.

Check the chapter’s website and examine the list of officers, board members and committee leaders. If you find a person who works in the kind of organization that interests you, contact that person by email and ask for a 20-minute meeting to get acquainted with that kind of organization.

Remember that public relations opportunities exist in corporations, nonprofits organizations, government agencies and public relations firms. Titles of the PR people, in addition to public relations, may be corporate communications, public information, public affairs, human resources, marketing and others.

Keep careful records of those you contact so you can use a person’s name when you contact someone who has been recommended to you.

Good luck!

expert response from: Jim Haynes, APR, Fellow PRSA

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